How to install Spark on Windows

4 minute read

Hello everyone, today we are going to install Spark on Windows 11.

Apache Spark is an open-source unified analytics engine for large-scale data processing. Spark provides an interface for programming clusters with implicit data parallelism and fault tolerance.



  1. Java 8 runtime environment (JRE)
  2. Apache Spark 3.3.0

Step 1 - Install Java 8 or Later

To install Apache Spark on windows, you would need Java 8 or the latest version hence download the Java version from Oracle and install it on your system. If you wanted OpenJDK you can download it from here.

You can install Java 8 from the following link here.

After finishing the file download we open a new command prompt, we should unpack the package

cd Downloads 

Because I am installing Java in folder Java of my C drive (C:\Java)

we create the the directory

mkdir C:\Java

then run the following command to unzip:

tar -xvzf  jre-8u361-windows-x64.tar.gz -C C:\Java\

Note: This article explains Installing Apache Spark on Java 8, same steps will also work for Java 11 and 13 versions.

Step 2 - Download packages

Apache Spark comes in a compressed tar/zip files hence installation on windows is not much of a deal as you just need to download and untar the file.

For this tutorial we are going to install Apache Spark 3.3.2 with Pre-built Apache Hadoop 3.3

Download Apache spark by accessing the Spark Download page and select the link from “Download Spark ”.


We download the following file:

After download, untar the binary using 7zip or any zip utility to extract the zip file and copy the extracted directory spark-3.3.2-bin-hadoop3.tgz to c:\Hadoop\spark-3.3.2-bin-hadoop3

Let us open a terminal and we create the the directory

mkdir C:\Spark

then we go to the directory where was Downloaded the file

cd Downloads

run the following command to unzip:

tar -xvzf  spark-3.3.2-bin-hadoop3.tgz -C C:\Spark\

The extracted files are in the directory C:\Spark\spark-3.3.2-bin-hadoop3

cd C:\Spark\spark-3.3.2-bin-hadoop3


Step 3 - Edit Spark Environment Variables

Now we’ve downloaded and unpacked all the artefacts we need to configure two important environment variables.

First you click the windows button and type environment


a) Configure Environment variables

We configure JAVA_HOME environment variable

by adding new environment variable:

Variable name : JAVA_HOME Variable value: C:\Java\jre1.8.0_361

Follow the below steps if you are not aware of how to add or edit environment variables on windows.

  1. Open System Environment Variables window and select Environment Variables.
  2. On the following Environment variable screen, add SPARK_HOME, HADOOP_HOME, JAVA_HOME by selecting the New option.
  3. This opens up the New User Variables window where you can enter the variable name and value


the same with SPARK_HOME environment variable:

Variable name : SPARK_HOME Variable value: C:\Spark\spark-3.3.2-bin-hadoop3

and finally with HADOOP_HOME environment variable:

Variable name : HADOOP_HOME Variable value: C:\Hadoop\hadoop-3.3.0

b) Configure PATH environment variable

Once we finish setting up the above two environment variables, we need to add the bin folders to the PATH environment variable. On Edit the PATH variable


If PATH environment exists in your system, you can also manually add the following two paths to it:


Add Spark, Java, and Hadoop bin location by selecting New option.

spark install windows

c) Spark with winutils.exe on Windows

To run Apache Spark on windows, you need winutils.exe as it uses POSIX like file access operations in windows using windows API.

winutils.exe enables Spark to use Windows-specific services including running shell commands on a windows environment.

We create the folder

mkdir C:\Hadoop\hadoop-3.3.0\

Download winutils.exe for Hadoop 3.3 and copy it to %HADOOP_HOME%\bin folder.

cd Downloads
copy winutils.exe C:\Hadoop\hadoop-3.3.0\bin

Verification of Installation

Once you complete the installation, Close your terminal window and open a new one and please run the following command to verify:

java -version

you will have

java version "1.8.0_361"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_361-b09)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.361-b09, mixed mode)

You should also be able to run the following command:

Microsoft Windows [Version 10.0.22621.1555]
(c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Setting default log level to "WARN".
To adjust logging level use sc.setLogLevel(newLevel). For SparkR, use setLogLevel(newLevel).
Spark context Web UI available at
Spark context available as 'sc' (master = local[*], app id = local-1683488208402).
Spark session available as 'spark'.
Welcome to
      ____              __
     / __/__  ___ _____/ /__
    _\ \/ _ \/ _ `/ __/  '_/
   /___/ .__/\_,_/_/ /_/\_\   version 3.3.2

Using Scala version 2.12.15 (Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM, Java 1.8.0_361)
Type in expressions to have them evaluated.
Type :help for more information.

scala> 23/05/07 21:37:04 WARN ProcfsMetricsGetter: Exception when trying to compute pagesize, as a result reporting of ProcessTree metrics is stopped

spark-shell is a CLI utility that comes with Apache Spark distribution.

Spark-shell also creates a Spark context web UI and by default, it can access from http://localhost:4041.

Testing Spark

Open a new terminal and type


On spark-shell command line, you can run any Spark statements like creating an RDD, getting Spark version e.t.c


you will get

res0: String = 3.3.2

let us try type

val rdd = sc.parallelize(Array(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10))

you get

scala> val rdd = sc.parallelize(Array(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10))
rdd: org.apache.spark.rdd.RDD[Int] = ParallelCollectionRDD[0] at parallelize at <console>:23

Cleaning Logs of Spark

When you are running programs with spark you can see that you have too many logs. You can choose the type of logs that you want to see during the spark execution.

Go to your Spark directory

cd %SPARK_HOME%/conf

then we copy the following file


and change the variable rootLogger.level = info to WARN

# Set everything to be logged to the console
rootLogger.level = WARN


then save and each time you run spark you will see only the warnings and errors.

Changing Temp Directory

When you are worsking in windows I suggest change the temporary directory spark , for example, we create a temporary folder spark-tmp

mkdir C:\spark-tmp

then we create a file of configuration of spark by typing

copy  %SPARK_HOME%\conf\spark-defaults.conf.template %SPARK_HOME%\conf\spark-defaults.conf

we edit the file and we add the following lines

spark.eventLog.enabled           true
spark.eventLog.dir               file:/C:/spark-tmp/log
spark.local.dir                  file:/C:/spark-tmp/tmp

then create another conffile

copy  %SPARK_HOME%\conf\ %SPARK_HOME%\conf\

we edit the file

code %SPARK_HOME%\conf\

we add the following line


and save.


we save and finally on windows you will have to make those environment variables by adding the key value pair

SPARK_LOCAL_DIRS -> C:\spark-tmp\tmp


and click ok.

You can check by typing spark-shell

Congratulations! You have installed Apache Spark on Windows 11.


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